Is conditioner really necessary?
Hair conditioner is a preventative measure used to help people avoid dryness, split ends, limpness, and static problems in their hair. Most conditioning products are comprised of three critical elements: a surfactant, a cationic conditioning element, and a moisturizing agent. The role of the surfactant is to allow the necessary oil and water-based solutions found in a conditioner to properly emulsify to create the correct balance for texture and moisturization. Cationic conditioner promotes static electricity resistance while also providing moisturizing and softening benefits. The main moisturizing agent used in conditioners is olive oil or a plant-based extract. This addition to the conditioner allows for easy maintenance of hair that remains both bright and healthy.
Why is the scalp always oily?
Typically, oil is secreted from the head though areas of the body also release this fluid in humid temperatures or after vigorous activity. Some people naturally release more oil than others. During the summer months, hot weather accelerates the release of oil from the sebaceous glands directly onto the scalp.
Why does hair split?
Today’s hair styling appliances such as high heat blow dryers and flat irons destroy the protein in hair known as keratin. The end result leaves the hair strand porous and brittle, meaning it is subject to breakage.
Chemical solutions used on the hair including dyes, perm solutions, and straightening chemicals change the structure of the hair from round to flat, meaning the cortex of the strand is no longer primed to absorb the necessary nutrients to remain healthy. When this occurs, the hair cannot absorb the nutrition it needs to thrive, causing dry hair which easily splits, breaks, and fractures.
Split ends are not always just the result of chemical processes or styling tools. Sometimes, split ends occur as a result of poor nutrition, sun exposure, long-term smoking, and even lack of sleep.
How much hair loss is normal?
As a general rule, most people lose between 50 to 150 hairs each day. In the fall and winter months, it is common for people to lose more hair then they do during the times of year when the weather is warm.
An easy test you can do to determine if your rate of hair loss is healthy is called the 5 hair pull test. Grasp a small portion of your hair and give a gentle pull. If the pulled hair yields 5-10 loose strands, it is indicative of a problem.
Are there risks involved in straightening and colouring hair?
When it comes to colouring and straightening hair, the general rule of thumb is the lighter the desired hair colour, the more prone it will be to damage from colour processes and styling tools.
Asian hair contains a lot of melanin, making it difficult to colour, particularly shades of gold, gray, and linen. To achieve a proper colour transformation, it is necessary to remove the natural pigment (melanin) from the hair to allow the dye to adhere to the hair follicle and provide the desired colour effect.
This process of fading the natural pigment requires an oxidant to open up the hair follicle. The oxidant is a necessary component of the dye; however, it is extremely harmful to the keratin and leads to hair that is brittle, prone to split ends, and that frequently breaks.
Keratin is the main component of each hair strand. It plays a vital role in the shape each hair takes by changing the structure of the hair’s protein chain. In general, the more the hair is subjected to straightening processes or curling irons, the more the hair structure is destroyed and the more nutrients are lost, leading to greater damage.
In short, heat styling and chemical processes will all do damage to hair. However, professional hairstyling services also focus on the implementation of conditioning treatments to greatly reduce any negative effects.
Should hair be washed every day?
Some people like to wash their hair on a daily basis to keep it looking fresh and clean. However, daily washing not only causes damage to the hair, it also increases the retention of odors and encourages the secretion of the oily substance known as sebum.
During the summer months, washing your hair every day is perfectly acceptable. However, in colder temperatures, restrict hair washing to every one to two days. In the wintertime, it is preferable to wash your hair even less frequently with every two to three days being ideal.
How do I choose the right shampoo?
The choice of shampoo you select depends on your scalp and hair type. Understanding the designated function for a product you are considering is critical to determining if that shampoo can deliver the results that you need. Most people need a shampoo that is mild on the hair and skin and that will leave the hair feeling clean and without any residue. Other effects such as colour enhancers and moisturizers can be considered as well.